The fundamental definition of an Unbiased Oil and Gas Firm is a non-integrated company which receives nearly all of its revenues from manufacturing at the wellhead. They are completely within the exploration and manufacturing phase of the industry, with no downstream advertising and marketing or refining inside their operations. The tax definition printed by the IRS states that a agency is an Independent if its refining capability is less than 50,000 barrels per day on any given day or their retail gross sales are less than $5 million for the year. Independents vary in size from massive publicly held corporations to small proprietorships.
Many independents are privately held small companies with less than 20 workers. The Impartial Petroleum Affiliation of America (IPAA) recorded in a 1998 survey that “a large percentage of independents are organized as C Companies and S Corporations at forty seven.6% and 27.7%, respectively. A complete of 91.4% of responding companies are categorized as impartial (versus integrated) for tax functions. A couple of fifth of responding firms reported their stock is publicly traded.”
Independent producers derive funding capital from a wide range of sources. A 1998 IPAA survey reports that 36.2% of capital is generated via inside sources adopted by banks 27.8 % and outside traders (oil & gasoline partners) at 20.3 %.
Supplying Future Vitality Wants
The U.S. Energy Info Administration (EIA) states of their Annual Power Outlook 2007, “Regardless of the rapid development projected for biofuels and other non-hydroelectric renewable energy sources and the expectation that orders can be positioned for brand spanking new nuclear energy plants for the first time in greater than 25 years, oil, coal, and natural gasoline nonetheless are projected to offer roughly the identical 86-percent share of the full U.S. main vitality provide in 2030 that they did in 2005.” In this report the EIA also predicts consistent growth in U.S. energy demand from 100.2 quadrillion Btu in 2005 to 131.2 quadrillion Btu in 2030.
Maturing manufacturing areas within the decrease forty eight states and the necessity to respond to shareholder expectations have resulted in major integrated petroleum corporations shifting their exploration and production focus toward the offshore within the United States and in international countries. Independent oil and gas producers increasingly account for a bigger share of home manufacturing in the near offshore and decrease 48 states. Impartial producers’ share of decrease 48 states petroleum production increased type forty five percent within the 1980’s to greater than 60 percent by 1995. Today the IPAA reviews that impartial producers develop 90 percent of domestic oil and fuel wells, produce 68 percent of home oil and produce eighty two % of domestic gasoline. Clearly, they’re important to meeting our future energy needs.