The uses and benefits of crude oil are numerous and the world would be a different place without it. Crude oil has been used in many of the advancements that have occurred over the past century and a half and continues to bring benefits to the world. It important to understand the uses and the benefits of crude oil and its products.
The uses of crude oil products
Crude oil exists as a liquid that rests in various formations deep within the Earth’s crust. This liquid forms as a result of the decomposition of organic material that dates back millions of years. If you break down its chemistry, you would find crude oil is a mixture of complex hydrocarbon molecules and other organic compounds. Another name used for this material is petroleum, though that term also refers to products made from refined material itself.
Once extracted, crude oil undergoes distillation. This process breaks the liquid down into various products of different weight, depending on the exact composition of the liquid. The largest share of crude is used for energy carriers that can be combined into gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, and heating oils.
Heavier products are used to make tar, asphalt, paraffin wax, and lubricating oils. Various chemicals can be derived from the liquid as well, including sulfur, petroleum coke, and petrochemicals. Besides the products directly derived from the crude oil, there are over 6000 items derived from petroleum byproducts. Some examples include fertilizer, perfume, insecticides, soap, and vitamin capsules.
The benefits of crude oil products
There are thousands of products that modern Americans enjoy that come directly or indirectly from crude oil. These products have transformed the quality of life of Americans and people around the world.
Crude oil generates heat. Heating this material and other petroleum products can warm homes in colder weather, making modern living possible even in colder climates. This oil also produces energy. Many petroleum products are energy carriers. When burned, the energy is released and can be harnessed for various products, like gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel.
This product makes machinery move by providing the lubrication oil that modern industrial equipment depends on to run smoothly. Crude is also used to create the asphalt that cars and trucks move on. Asphalt is easier to lay than concrete and is generally cheaper as a result.
Petroleum provides the ingredients that are essential in products like soaps, detergents, and paints. This product also makes modern furniture manufacturing possible. It takes about 16 gallons of crude oil to produce a typical modern sofa. Crude is also an integral part of modern textile production, with 40 percent of textiles now containing some petroleum byproduct.