The petroleum trade consists of the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing petroleum products. The most important quantity products of the trade are fuel oil and gasoline (petrol). Petroleum is also the raw material for many chemical merchandise, together with pharmaceuticals, solvents, fertilizers, pesticides, and plastics.

Iranian Jeep mounted 106mm recoilless anti-tank gunEquipment used on this business varies from earthmoving tools in lease preparation for explorative drilling to site preparation for big refineries and plant sites. It also includes hoisting gear as well as trenching tools.

At present pipelines are probably the most economical solution to transport giant portions of oil, refined oil products or natural gas over land. There are pipelines in countries everywhere in the world, together with pipelines in Canada, pipelines in Australia, pipelines within the United States, and pipelines in China. The field of pipeline development is on a huge upswing, and pipeline workers (more particularly, Australian pipeline workers) are becoming a scorching commodity. Pipeline Equipment Operators typically operate a number of varieties of heavy gear to assemble and maintain pipelines.